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Devriendt takes existing elements and brings them together in new configurations in order to create his own scene with them. He omits as much as possible, offering just enough information to stimulate the viewers imagination, like a reel of film of which only a few scenes remain. The viewer is encouraged to create the story in his own mind. Devriendts motto is that, without a viewer, there would be no artwork. In order to tell his story, devriendt only uses those basic elements that are strictly necessary, just as in Propps study. All you need for a movie is a gun and a girl, said Godard, referring to a pronouncement. This device also seems to apply to devriendts paintings. In any case, there is no shortage of weapons and women.

series, in which the different individual series function as episodes or chapters. The artist uses a variety of cinematic techniques that he applies to the medium of painting. For example, he uses the jump cut, to cite another of Godards terms. This is when two similar images follow on from one another, making the picture appear to briefly jump. One example is in Victimes de la passion, in which the victims face is depicted three times, but gradually disappears from the frame. Indeed, the artist often makes use of film techniques, such as zooming out and close-ups. One example of this is the female thighs in Unsolved Case (2) which are followed by the image in which the entire figure of the girl squatting can be seen. The selection of the images is crucial.

This structuralist analysis of storytelling is not only true of fairy tales, but also, with certain variations, of pretty much all stories from a james Bond film or a detective story to classic Hollywood films with their inevitable happy endings. To a certain extent, robert devriendts paintings can also be analysed in this way. Devriendt creates tiny canvases painted in minute detail although these days he also opts for larger formats of 18 x 22 cm whose technical perfection and autonoom eye for detail recall the Flemish Primitives. Is it any wonder that the artists studio is located in Bruges? The paintings do not stand alone, but together form a narrative structure that can range from between three and twelve paintings. Because of their linear presentation, the viewer is inclined to read them from left to right and to see a teleological sequence in them, but the logical order is often elusive and devriendt deliberately shakes things. To cite godard: A film should have a beginning, a middle and an end, but not necessarily in that order. Although the scenes are not arranged in a logical or chronological order, there is a link, which is sometimes intuitive or prompted by the artists subconscious. It is through their relationship with one another that devriendt imbues individual works with meaning. To this end, he sticks to a rigid principle of montage. Sometimes he also applies the montage of contrasts principle introduced by the russian director Sergei eisenstein.

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Hiërarchisering van de werkelijkheid: politiek boven economie (Aristoteles andere voorbeelden: geest-materie, ziel-lichaam, mens-dier, man-vrouw, theorie-praktijk deconstructieve ontleding van hiërarchieën; afbakeningen zijn niet vanzelfsprekend of natuurlijk; het andere houdt elke context open). En fr nl, murder, she wrote (Catalogue making Connections, Groeninge museum Bruges, 2015). In 1928 the russian linguist Vladimir Propp published Morphology of the folk tale. When the book was translated in 1958, it was highly influential, not least on figures such as Claude lévi-strauss and Roland Barthes. In his work, propp laid bare the narrative structure of traditional fairy tales, demonstrating that they are constructed along similar lines with striking regularity. He then divided them up into 31 different functions. Fairy tales often begin with a hero leaving his familiar surroundings and violating a prohibition. In so doing, he encounters the villain, with both kies friends and foes crossing his path along the way. Once the hero has overcome an obstacle, the tale concludes with a happy ending.

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24 However, there is a community of information technology professionals who are promoting the use of bitcoins, and have even opened the first virtual money exchange store in the country. . Interest in acquiring bitcoins is slowly growing. . However, because there is no regulation on the use of bitcoins, transactions are informal in nature and mainly conducted among friends. 25 In 2013, a group of American Libertarians founded a self-sustaining organic farming community called Galts Gulch Chile in central Chile with an economy based on bitcoins. 26 Back to top China On December 3, 2013, the central bank of China and four other central government ministries and commissions jointly issued the notice on Precautions Against the risks of Bitcoins. 27 Defining it as a special virtual commodity, the notice said that by nature the bitcoin is not a currency and should not be circulated and used in the market as a currency. 28 Banks and payment institutions in China are prohibited from dealing in bitcoins. . The notice required that, at this stage, financial and payment institutions may not use bitcoin pricing for products or services, buy or sell bitcoins, or provide direct or indirect bitcoin-related services to customers, including registering, trading, settling, clearing, or other services; accepting bitcoins or using. 29 The notice further required strengthening the oversight of Internet websites providing bitcoin registration, trading, and other services. .

Bitcoin digital currency is not legal tender in Canada. 18 However, the official also stated that the government of Canada would continue to monitor developments involving virtual currencies. 19 The wall Street journal article also"d a spokesman for Bank of Canada, canadas central bank, who stated that Bank of Canada has been taking a greater interest in bitcoins and other alternative forms of payment owing to financial stability considerations. 20 According to the spokesman, smaller, stand-alone payment systems for which there are many substitutes like bitcoin should generally require much less intensive oversight and regulation because they pose much less risk to the canadian financial system as a whole. Nevertheless, these payment systems should be designed and operated to meet the needs of Canadians which would include convenience and ease of use, price, reliability, safety, and effective redress mechanisms. 21 In April 2013, canadas revenue agency reportedly stated that users of bitcoins will have to pay tax on transactions in the digital currency, based on two separate tax rules that apply to barter transactions and things that are bought and sold for speculative purposes. 22 According to another news report, the financial Transactions and Reports Analysis Centre of Canada (fintrac canadas financial intelligence unit, sent out letters to a number of major Canadian Bitcoin service operators stating that their bitcoin exchanges were not at this time engaged.

14, 2014 On February 11, 2014, the canadian Finance minister unveiled the federal Budget for 2014, which included a brief mention of Canadian government plans to introduce forte anti-money laundering and anti-terrorist financing regulations for virtual currencies such as Bitcoin. Additional information on this topic is available. Update (July 9, 2014 On June 19, 2014, the governor General of Canada gave his royal assent to bill C-31, which includes amendments cadeau to canadas Proceeds of Crime (Money laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act. The new law will treat virtual currencies, including Bitcoin, as "money service businesses" for the purposes of the anti-money laundering law. Back to top Chile According to news reports, there are no merchants that accept bitcoins in Chile as of yet. . buying virtual currencies in Chile is still very cumbersome.

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12,865, which created the possibility for the normalization of mobile payment systems and the creation of electronic currencies, including the bitcoin. . The law provides, among other things, for the payment arrangements and payment institutions that comprise the Brazilian payment System (Sistema de pagamentos Brasileiro, SPB). 12,865 defines payment arrangement as a set of rules and procedures that regulate the rendering of a particular service to the public that is accepted by more than one recipient, through direct access by end users, payers, and recipients. 15 payment institution is defined as a legal entity that, by adhering to one or more payment arrangements, has as a principal or secondary activity, alternatively or cumulatively, one of the activities listed in article 6(III). . Electronic currency is defined as resources stored on a device or electronic system that allow the end user to perform a payment transaction.

16 Article 7 lists the principles that must be observed by the payment arrangements and payment institutions, according to the parameters to be established by the Brazilian Central Bank in accordance with the directives of the national Monetary council (Conselho monetário nacional, cmn). . Article 9 defines the competence of the Brazilian Central Bank, pursuant to the directives established by the cmn. . Article 11 determines that the penalties provided for in the legislation applicable to financial institutions applies to the infractions set forth in Law. 12,865 and in the directives and norms established, respectively, by the cmn and the Brazilian Central Bank. 12,865 authorizes the Brazilian Central Bank to issue the necessary norms and instructions for the fulfillment of its provisions; this must be done within 180 days of the publication of the law and in accordance with the guidelines established by the cmn. 17 Back to top Canada canada does not have a specific law or regulation that regulates bitcoins. . In an emailed statement to The wall Street journal in January 2014, a canadian official from Canadas Department of Finance stated that Canada does not consider bitcoins to be legal tender. . The official reportedly stated that only canadian bank notes and coins are recognized as legal tender in Canada.

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25, 2014 On August 20, 2014, the australian Taxation Office (ATO) issued a onderzoek guidance paper, a goods and Services Tax (GST) Draft Ruling, and four draft taxation determinations on the taxation treatment of Bitcoin and other virtual currencies. Atos view is that Bitcoin is neither money nor a foreign currency. According to the guidance paper and draft rulings, bitcoin transactions will be hair treated "like barter transactions with similar taxation consequences." Additional information on this topic is available back to top Belgium There are no specific laws or regulations regarding Bitcoin in Belgium. The belgian Finance minister, in response to a question by a belgian senator, stated in July 2013 that while the bitcoin system seems to be somewhat problematic as a potential tool for money laundering and other illegal activities, such problems should not be overstated. . he also stated that, based on studies from the belgian central bank (Banque nationale de belgique) and the european Central Bank, the bitcoin does not present any significant risks to price stability, to the financial system in general, or to its individual users. . Finally, in this same statement, the minister of Finance indicated that government intervention with regard to the bitcoin system does not appear necessary at the present time. 13 Back to top Brazil On October 9, 2013, Brazil enacted Law.

In all likelihood - betekenis en definitie engels woordenboek

Although bitcoins are not specifically regulated, they are increasingly being used in Argentina, a country that has strict control over foreign currencies. According to some experts 6 a bitcoin may be considered a good or trainen a thing under the civil Code, 7 and transactions with bitcoins may be governed by the rules of the sale of goods under the civil Code 8, back to top, australia, in June. The australian Financial review that the ato is monitoring the bitcoin, including its volatility, how widely it is accepted, its interaction with conventional currencies through exchange mechanisms and international developments." 9, the article indicated that the ato intends to catch misconduct and subject the currency. Another ato spokesman said that those speculating in bitcoins may face tax implications and should keep detailed records and evidence about what trades they make and the source of any assumptions about the value of any transaction in Australian dollars. 10, in December 2013, the governor of the reserve bank of Australia (RBA) indicated in an interview with. The australian Financial review that the bitcoin has not caused the rba any material problem yet, but that there were risks for speculators. 11, he said that there was nothing to stop people holding or transacting in other currencies in Australia, including the bitcoin. In October 2013, an Australian Bitcoin bank was hacked, resulting in the theft of over US1 million of the currency.

January 2014 Report, (pdf, 426KB) updates and additional countries have been added below.). Alderney (Channel Islands there are no official statements on the Alderney governments website regarding its position towards the bitcoin, and it appears to be unregulated on the island. However, journalists have reportedly obtained documents indicating that Alderney is trying to take the lead and become the central hub for the bitcoin, by minting and issuing physical bitcoins and creating an international center with a bitcoin storage vault service that complies with anti-money laundering. As Alderney is a crown Dependency of the United Kingdom, the uks royal Mint would need to be involved in issuing any physical currency, and the head of New development at the royal Mint confirmed to the. Financial Times that discussions about issuing the currency have occurred, but at this time, it remains merely a concept. 2, back to top, argentina, under the national Constitution of Argentina 3 the only authority capable of issuing legal currency is the central Bank. 4, bitcoins are not legal currency strictly speaking, since they are not issued by the government monetary authority and are not legal tender. . Therefore, they may be considered money but not legal currency, since they are not a mandatory skin means of cancelling debts or obligations.

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Research reports, guide to law Online, legal Research guides. Legal Reports, guides to our Collections, back to Index of Legal Reports. This report surveys forty foreign jurisdictions and the european Union, reporting on any regulations or statements from central banks or government offices on the handling of bitcoins as well as any significant use of bitcoins in business transactions. Topics covered include whether bitcoins are recognized as legal tender, the possibility of negative impacts on the national currency, concerns about fraud, and how transactions using the bitcoin system are viewed by tax authorities. Of those countries surveyed, only a very few, notably China and Brazil, have specific regulations applicable to bitcoin use. . There is aloe widespread concern about the bitcoin systems possible impact on national currencies, its potential for criminal misuse, and the implications of its use for taxation. . overall, the findings of this report reveal that the debate over how to deal with this new virtual currency is still in its infancy.

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